Elio Di Rupo (Morlanwelz, 18 juli 1951) is een Belgische politicus van de Parti Socialiste (PS). Sinds 6 december 2011 is hij premier van België.
In 1991 werd Di Rupo tot senator verkozen, maar kort daarna (1992) nam hij in de regering van de Franse Gemeenschap zijn eerste ministerfunctie op met Onderwijs en later ook Media onder zijn bevoegdheid. Na het ontslag van Guy Coëme, die in het Agustaschandaal werd genoemd, stapte Di Rupo in 1994 over naar de federale regering als vicepremier en minister van Verkeer en Overheidsbedrijven. Na de verkiezingen van 1995 bleef hij vicepremier en werd hij minister van Economie en Telecommunicatie. In de nasleep van de zaak-Dutroux werd Di Rupo valselijk beschuldigd van pedoseksualiteit door Olivier Trusgnach. Toenmalig premier Jean-Luc Dehaene zou hem dan gevraagd hem af te treden. De beschuldiging bleek later verzonnen.
Na de federale en regionale verkiezingen van juni 1999, waarbij mede door de dioxinecrisis de christendemocraten zware verliezen leden, voerde Di Rupo mee de onderhandelingen met de Vlaamse socialisten van de sp.a, de liberalen en de groenen voor de vorming van een "paarsgroene" coalitie. In 2002 kreeg Di Rupo de eretitel Minister van Staat. Ook is hij ridder in de Leopoldsorde. Di Rupo wisselde na 2004 de liberale coalitiepartner in voor de christendemocraten, zowel in het het Waals Gewest, de Franse Gemeenschap als het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest (in Brussel uitgebreid met Ecolo). Daardoor ontstonden coalities die afwijken van de zittende federale coalitie. In oktober 2005 werd Di Rupo opnieuw minister-president van het Waals gewest, nadat Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe ontslag nam onder druk van beschuldigingen in een zaak van belangenverstrengeling. In juli 2007 nam Di Rupo ontslag als minister-president na zijn herverkiezing als partijvoorzitter. De Waalse politicus Rudy Demotte volgde hem op als minister-president van het Waalse Gewest.
In juni 2010 won de PS overtuigend de federale verkiezingen in Wallonië en in juli 2010 werd Di Rupo door de koning tot preformateur benoemd. Hij slaagde er niet in om een akkoord te bereiken en gaf na de zomer zijn opdracht terug aan de koning. Bij de aanslepende regeringsonderhandelingen werd hij op 16 mei 2011 door Koning Albert II tot formateur benoemd met de opdracht elk initiatief te nemen om een federale regering te vormen. N-VA afhaakte, lukte het hem om een meerderheid te vormen voor een programma voor een nieuwe federale regering. Naar zijn steevast gedragen vlinderdas wordt de overeenkomst die Di Rupo na schier eindeloze onderhandelingen eind november wist te sluiten het vlinderakkoord genoemd. Sinds 5 december 2011 is hij premier van België in opvolging van Yves Leterme. Het nieuwe kabinet werd op 6 december beëdigd. Als Franstalige neemt Elio Di Rupo lessen Nederlands, maar desondanks is zijn kennis van de taal vaak onderwerp van kritiek.
Elio Di Rupo (born 18 July 1951) is a Belgian social-democratic politician. He has been the Prime Minister of Belgium since 6 December 2011 and heads the Di Rupo Government. Di Rupo is the first francophone to hold the office since Paul Vanden Boeynants in 1979, as well as the country's first socialist Prime Minister since Edmond Leburton left office in 1974. He is also the first Belgian Prime Minister of non-Belgian descent as well as the first openly homosexual male leader of a country in modern times.
Di Rupo came in contact with the socialist movement for the first time during his studies in Mons, where he first obtained a master's degree and afterwards a PhD in chemistry. He went during the preparation of his doctorate to the University of Leeds (United Kingdom), where his function was that of lecture member of staff in 1977–1978. He started his political career as an attaché at the cabinet of Jean-Maurice Dehousse in 1980–81.
His first political mandate came in 1982, when he was Councillor of Mons (until 1985, and again from 1988 until 2000). Belgian Chamber of Representatives. He once described François Mitterrand as being "a character from a novel". In 1987, he got his national political breakthrough. He was elected as member of the Chamber of Deputies and went two years later for a short time to the European Parliament.
In 1986, he was mayor of health, urban renewal and social affairs. Professionally, Di Rupo was at the same time cabinet member and then Deputy Head of Cabinet of the minister of finance of that time of the Walloon region and consequently Deputy Head of Cabinet of the minister of finance and energy of the Walloon region at that time Philippe Busquin (1981–85) and superintendent of the energy-inspection of the ministry of the Walloon region. He is a deputy (MP) for the Arrondissement of Mons in the
In 1991, Di Rupo was chosen as a senator, but shortly afterwards (1992), he took in the French-speaking community his first ministerial function in Education and later also Media. These were his responsibilities until Guy Coëme, who was mentioned in the Agusta-scandal, resigned and Di Rupo went to the federal government in 1994 as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Traffic and Governmental companies. Following the elections in 1995, he remained the Vice-Prime Minister of Belgium and was appointed minister of Economics and Telecommunications. In 1995 he signed the merger of the Belgian airline Sabena with Swiss Air that eventually led to the bankruptcy of Sabena with thousands of unemployed employees as result.
After the federal and regional elections of June 1999 in which, due to the Dioxin Affair, the Christian-Democrats lost many of their votes, Di Rupo negotiated with the Flemish socialists of sp.a, the Liberals and Green Party to form a "purple-green" government. Di Rupo himself was in charge of the function of minister-president of the Walloon region, but already in October of the same year the members of the party chose him as president and in April 2000, he was succeeded in his function of minister-president by Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe. In 2000, he became the mayor of Mons, which is the capital of the province of Hainaut.
In October 2005, he became Minister-President of the Walloon Region after Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe resigned amid a corruption scandal, involving several members of Di Rupo's party. Di Rupo continued as party leader though and has had to deal with the PS's ICDI affair that emerged in May 2006. After former PS president Guy Spitaels urged him to choose between the presidency of the party and of the Walloon Region, Di Rupo decided to organise internal elections for party president in July 2007 rather than in October of that year and announced that he would resign from his mandate as Minister-President if re-elected. On 11 July 2007, Di Rupo was re-elected president of the Socialist Party with 89.5% of the votes.
Following the 2010 Belgian general election, in which the PS emerged as the largest of the Francophone parties and the second largest political party in Belgium, speculation emerged as to whether Di Rupo could be the Prime Minister in a new government. The RTBF raised questions, however, about whether Di Rupo's limited fluency in Dutch would be a stumbling block in seeking that office; every prime minister since 1979 had been a Fleming. In May 2011, he was appointed Formateur by the Belgian king, which gave Di Rupo the task of forming a government. Traditionally, the Formateur also becomes the Prime Minister of the government he forms. He became prime minister of the Di Rupo I Government on 6 December 2011. With Di Rupo's appointment, Belgium ended 589 days without a government, believed to be the longest such streak ever for a country in the developed world. Yves Leterme had resigned on 26 April 2010 and had been serving as caretaker prime minister since then.